Zagreb 2005

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Forårskulturrejse 2005 til Zagreb, Kroatien

 
Byens centrum : Jelacica pladsen   I baggrunden : Byens katedral, Sct Stefan

 

 

Forventningsfulde mødte vi op i lufthavnen kl. 7:45. Peter og Jebbie havde inviteret på Thai middag aftenen før, og Jebbie havde udsøgte krydderier med fra hendes nylige besøg i hjemlandet. Denne middag må ha' været årsagen til, at Thomas mødte til tiden, og vi  andre kom 12 min. og 36 sek. for sent grundet morgentrafikken langs Amager Strandvej.

Vi fik checket ind via de elektroniske muligheder og det fungerede. Så var der afgang til endnu en udfordring i form af en by, som ingen af os havde besøgt før. Men Thomas og Peter havde i ungdommens vår været gennem datidens Jugoslavien på den klassiske interrail tur.

 

Vejret: Mens Danmark kæmpede med et begyndende forår, havde vi et meget varmt forår: fra 20 gr. ved ankomst og derefter en stigning med 2 gr. per dag, dvs. vi forlod Zagreb med 30 gr. og ankom i Kastrup til sølle 12 gr.

Årets deltagere (pudsigt nok de samme som de foregående år)

Fra mandagsvandreturen til den gamle borg Medvedgrad, 12-13 km uden for byen.

Her opstillet i aldersorden:

Peter (årg. 57) Thomas (årg. 55) Kaare (årg. 50) Willi (årg. 47)

Der var snedkereret et dagsprogram sammen, som traditionen tro blev afdækket - bare i en anden rækkefølge end foreslået - men det er jo et udtryk for fleksibilitet:

 

Et minus: Vi fik ikke besøgt museer; grunden var ikke mangel på interesse, men timing. Lør-Søn var der kun åbent fra 9-13, (lidt tidligt for os), mandag var alt lukket, så der var i realiteten kun fredag til rådighed, men da var vi endnu ikke oplyste om disse indskrænkninger.

 

Kort sammenfatning af mine indtryk fra Zagreb (subjektive, primært fra bymidten):
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Kulturelle bygninger præget af den habsburgske barokarkitektur,

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Generelt meget renlig,

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Mange biler, de fleste af nyere årgang - og der køres stærkt,

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Ungdom, der som i andre byer følger med moden i tøjvalg, elektronik (mobil, MP3-afspillere), går på bar,

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Et umiddelbart indtryk af større indkomstspredning end i DK, og man ville gerne udstille sin rigdom (biler, tøjstil),

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Lokale øl : Tomislav (mørk, en anelse sød), Ozujsko og Karlovacko, begge traditionelle lager-pilsner, Pan (ejet af Carlsberg), pris på cafe/bar: DKK 12-15 for en ½ liter,

 

Dag

Indhold

Torsdag 28/4

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Afgang KBH 09:25, via Frankfurt ankomst til Zagreb ca 14:00 (2 x 1,5 times flyvning)

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Hotel tjekke ind, 30-40 min.s gang til centrum = Jelacica Square,

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de 2 første øl på fortovscafe på gaden Bogoviceva,

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videre op ad restaurationsgaden Tcalciceva, hvor vi blev hængende til midnat

Fredag 29/4

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På gåben til Turistinformationen og bestille CityTour, 3-dages buskort, stifinding til bjerge og borgen uden for byen,

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En øl "i træk", rundt om parken, ind på Dolac markedet,

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Kaptol med Sct. Stefan Katedralen,

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Finde vejen til Stenporten,

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Gornji Grad –  den øvre bydel med Markov-kirken og parlamentet (Sabor),

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Middag neden for cabelbanen

Lørdag 30/4

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Tour of the City, dels med bus og dels vandring, 3 timer, god oplevelse,

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Mirogoj Cemetry,  Kirkegård fra 1876

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Gornji Grad – Kaptol, den øvre bydel  

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Pizza frokost i "Gyden" Skalinska (der var mange folk i byen)

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Med sporvogn (14 og 15) og cabelbane op på bjerget Sljeme (1033 m) i Medvednica Mountains

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Middag på fin restaurant neden for Tårnet Lotrscak, godnat øl i kælderen under "Bulldog"

Søndag 1/5

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Hviledag for Willi, de andre tullede rundt per gåben og nød øl plus is,

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Vi mødtes kl 15:30 i gyden Skalinska

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Sporvognstur til byens største park Maximir, der ligger ved National Stadium, masser af mennesker

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Middag i en østrigsk restaurant "Jagthorn" og de andre fik en godnat øl i lokalområdet (ved National Library)

Mandag 2/5

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Dagens mål : Borgen Medvedgrad 12-13 km uden for byen.

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Sporvogn 13 fra tæt på hotellet ind mod byen, forbi "Teknisk museum", hen til busstop for bus 102,

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afsted til landsbyen Sestine,

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vandring til en særdeles en god bjerg-restaurant,

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vandring på ca 40 min. gennem skoven op til borgen (højdeforskel 350 m)

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tilbage til en sen frokost, bussen "102" mod byen, sporvogn og så et par barer, med sen middag i "Gyden" Skalinska - taxa hjem.

Tirsdag 3/5

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Det blev til en lokal øl i en lokal bar ved hotellet,

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Hotellet forærede os en flaske lokal hvidvin som afskedsgave + en lokal bisquit,

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Taxa kom lidt forsinket Afgang til lufthavn :  ca. 12:30

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SK3368  03MAY  Zagreb-Frankfurt         1425 1555  
SK 676  03MAY  Frankfurt-Cph              1740 1910

 

 

Zagreb info:

 

When the Croatian people achieved their independence in 1991, Zagreb became a capital - a political and administrative centre for the Republic of Croatia. Zagreb is also the hub of the business, academic, cultural, artistic and sporting worlds in Croatia. Many famed scientists, artists and athletes come from the city, or work in it. Zagreb can offer its visitors the Baroque atmosphere of the Upper Town, picturesque open-air markets, diverse shopping facili­ties, an abundant selection of crafts and a choice vernacular cuisine. Zagreb is a city of green parks and walks, with many places to visit in the beautiful surroundings. The city will enter into the third millennium with a population of one million.

 

Population:
779,145 (2001)     Surface area:    650 sq. km.

Institutions:
The University
10 theatres
21 museums
14 galleries
12 art collections

 

Zagrebs officielle website    og  Zagrebs engelske tourist info website.  samt endnu en på engelsk (inyourpocket)

 

Citytour, dels med bus, dels per gåben The City Center

 

A Brief History of Zagreb

Today's Zagreb has grown out of two medieval settlements that for centuries developed on neighbouring hills. The first written mention of the city dates from 1094, when a diocese was founded on Kaptol, while in 1242, neighbouring Gradec was proclaimed a free and royal city. Both the settlements were surrounded by high walls and towers, remains of which are still preserved.

During the Turkish onslaughts on Europe, between the 14th and 18th centuries, Zagreb was an important border fortress. The Baroque reconstruction of the city in the 17th and 18th centuries changed the appearance of the city. The old wooden houses were demolished, opulent palaces, monasteries and churches were built. The many trade fairs, the revenues from landed estates and the offerings of the many craft workshops greatly contributed to the wealth of the city. Affluent aristocratic families, royal officials, church dignitaries and rich traders from the whole of Europe moved into the city. Schools and hospitals were opened, and the manners of European capitals were adopted. The city outgrew its medieval borders and spread to the lowlands. The first parks and country houses were built. Zagreb confirmed its position as the administrative, cultural and economic centre of Croatia.

When Kaptol, Gradec and the surrounding settlements were administratively combined into the integrated city of Zagreb in 1850, the development accelerated still more. The disastrous earthquake of 1880 sparked off the reconstruction and modernisation of many shabby neighbourhoods and buildings. Prestigious public buildings were erected, parks and fountains were made, and transportation and other infrastructures were organised.

In the 19th century the population increased tenfold. The twentieth century brought the Secession style to Zagreb. The city lived in the plenty of a civil society, with firm links with all the central European centres. With an increase in wealth and industry from the 1960s on, the city spread out over the wide plains alongside the Sava River, where a new, contemporary business city has develop, ready for the challenges of the third millennium.

879. The Zagreb area, between the rivers Sava and Drava, becomes part of the Croatian state under the rule of King Tomislav, crowned as the first Croatian king in 925.
1094. The Hungarian King Ladislas establishes the Zagreb Diocese.
1134. Issue of Felicianus' Charter mentioning the founder of the Diocese, King Ladislas, the first bishop of, Zagreb Bishop Duh, and the other clergy.
1217. Finishing and consecration of the principal church cathedral, largely destroyed in 1242 by the Tatars.
1242. The Croatian-Hungarian King Bela IV grants the Golden Bull to Gradec, as a token of appreciation forthe citizens who provided him shelter during the Tatarian invasion.
1355. Mention of the first pharmacy in Zagreb.
1557. Another threat to the city - turkish invasions. The first mention of Zagreb as the capital of Croatia.
1607. Foundation of the Jesuit gymnasium with six forums.
1624. A great fire caused by a thunderbolt catches the wooden roof of the principal church. Great fires were quite frequent before the use of bricks as building material.
1664. Foundation of the first printing house by the Jesuits.
1669. The Croatian-Hungarian King Leopold I grants the right to the Royal Academy to be transformed into a university.
1767. The Royal Council designates Varaždin as its temporary seat.
1771. The first weekly in Latin published in Zagreb - Ephemerides Zagrebienses.
1776. The government seat relocated from Varazdin to Zagreb.
1834. The first permanent theatre in Zagreb opens on the southern side of St. Mark's Square.
1850. Zagreb becomes a single administrative unit. The first major of the city is Josip Kamauf, former magistrate of Gradec.
1862. Opening of the first railway line, Zidani Most-Zagreb-Sisak.
1880. A severe earthquake strikes the area of Zagreb.
1891. The first horse-drawn tram in the streets of Zagreb. First electric driven tram was in service in 1905.
1896. The first film projection in Zagreb.
1901. The first automobile on the streets of Zagreb.
1909. The first trade exhibition - Economic Convention ("Gospodarski zbor").
1926. The first radio station starts broadcasting (also the first in this part of Europe).
1956. The first broadcast of Zagreb television.
1957. Construction of new housing blocks starts on the southern bank of the Sava river.
1964. A raging flood strikes Zagreb in the night between October 24 and 25. In the most difficult flood ever, several thousand homes are badly damaged.
1979. Tram lines cross the Sava river.
1987. The University Games take place in Zagreb.
1990. The first session of the Croatian Parliament (Sabor) after the first free, democratic, multi-party elections take place on May 30, which becomes the national holiday known as the Statehood Day.

 

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Sidst opdateret 12. May 2005